English in Asia
English in Asia is the result of a specific kind of non-settler colony, for instance in countries like India or Pakistan, and thus stands in contrast to settler colonies like the United States, Canada or Australia. It is often the result of different historical inputs, e.g. British English in South Asia but American English in the Philippines. It furthermore emerged through the complex interactions of background languages and learner varieties of English, e.g. in Hong Kong or Malaysia. English in Asia consists of many different levels of second-language competence and also contains an emergent set of native speaker or quasi-native speaker varieties in countries like Singapore. In addition the English language in Asia is demographically significant given the numbers of speakers involved.
Map of Asia by the 17th-century English cartographer John Speed (1542-1629)