What is Open Access?
"We define open access as a comprehensive source of human knowledge and cultural heritage that has been endorsed by the scientific community."
Source: Berliner Erklärung über den offenen Zugang zu wissenschaftlichem Wissen, October 22nd 2003
The Internet has created new digital access routes to scientific publications.
This holds a lot of potential, e.g. the possibility of making scientific knowledge accessible to significantly more people than before, thereby strengthening innovative research. Quality standards, transparency and sustainability of publications must be guaranteed.
However, this potential is not exploited if access to publications is limited by payment barriers (often with high license fees).
The Open Access movement
In order to achieve the goal of creating free and permanent online access to publications and scientific raw and primary data, the so-called Open Access movement was created.
Guidelines were laid down in the "Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Scientific Knowledge" of October 22nd, 2003.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) is one of the first signatories to the "Berlin Declaration". The University of Duisburg-Essen signed the Berlin Declaration on October 28, 2014.
In January 2006, the DFG's main committee adopted its guidelines for open access publishing. Accordingly, project participants of the DFG should (if possible) make their research results available digitally and free of charge to users on the Internet. For this purpose, publication in suitable open access journals or the subsequent provision of already published articles via open access repositories is recommended.
The DFG recently signed the "Expression of Interest in the Large-scale Implementation of Open Access to Scholarly Journals" of the OA2020 initiative in spring 2016.
(Source: DFG FAQs Open Access)
As part of the international OA2020 initiative, a growing number of research organizations are striving to transform the magazine market, in which the majority of the scientific journals available today by subscription are to be converted to publishing with Open Access. Together, the academic organizations want to "advance the comprehensive introduction of open, online-based access to scientific research articles and their largely unrestricted use and reuse".
(Source: New initiative to boost Open Access)
Initiated by the DFG funding program "Open Access Publishing", the UDE began supporting its scientists in 2010 with the publication of articles in Open Access. The funding planned as start-up financing to create reliable structures for financing publication costs ended in 2014. It was then decided to set up its own open access fund. This is financed in equal parts from UDE and UL funds and is based on the DFG funding criteria.
After the focus has been on the area of open access journals for a long time, ways of promoting open access monographs and compilations are now being tested. With the BMBF project OGeSoMo (2018 - 2019), the UL was able to successfully fund monographs in the humanities and social sciences.
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