Universität Duisburg-Essen, Institut für Evangelische Theologie 

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Schart, Aaron, Stand: 2007-04-05

Howard, George: Some Notes on the Septuagint of Amos. Vetus Testamentum 20 (1970): 108-112.


An examination of the LXX Book of the Twelve Prophets reveals that the integrity of the translation is questionable. This suspicion is particularly justified in the Book of Amos /2/. In my <109:> opinion, a short section of this book, viii 12-ix 10, appears to be a translation independent of the rest. In order to facilitate the reading of the evidence supporting this observation, i 1-viii 11 shall be called section "Α", viii 12-ix 10 section "Β", and ix 11-15 section "C".

Concluding Observation

The problem surrounding the origin of the Septuagint have been among the most intriguing of those facing modern scholarship. Whether the so-called Septuagint finds its prototype in one prechristian translation of the Old Testament, or whether it is merely a standardization of many pre-christian Greek renditions of the Bible has been α matter of heated discussion.
In the case of the Book of Amos it appears from an analysis of <112:> the translation that sections "Α" (i 1-viii 11) and "C" (ix 11-15) were done by one translator while section "Β" (viii 12-ix 10) was done by another. This phenomenon may be explained in terms of a targum theory or a lectionary theory. However, there is no absolute proof that the LXX arose from a targum or a lectionary background. Without conjecturing how the LXX came about it seems safe to say that the LXX Book of Amos represents a compilation or redaction rather than one single prototype.