William Wallace----Battles----Characters----Castlist

 

Sir William Wallace ( 1270-1305 )

Biography:

1270: William Wallace was born as a son of a small landowner and a Scottish knight near Ellerslie, in Ayrshire, Scotland.

1291: His father Malcolm was killed in a fight with English troops

May 1297: William avenged his father's death with more than 30 men by killing the responsible knight and some of his soldiers. He became a local military leader and the king's enemy.

September 11, 1297: William Wallace and his army defeated the English army under John de Warenne near Stirling. Over 5000 English soldiers were killed.

December 1297: He had become Sir William Wallace


July 22, 1298: Wallace's military reputation was ruined by Edward's 90.000 men strong army near Falkirk. As many as 10.000 Scots may have been killed.


August 5, 1305: Wallace was led by a Scottish knight in service to the English king, and arrested near Glasgow. He was taken to London and got the status of a captured soldier.


August 23, 1305: William Wallace was executed in an extremely brutally way. He had never sworn the oath of allegiance to Edward.

 

William Wallace is one of Scotland´s greatest national heroes. He was the leader of the Scottish resistance forces during the first years of the long and finally successful struggle to free Scotland from English rule at the end of the 13th century. Records of Wallace´s life are very irregular and often not correct. This is why narrations of his heroic actions are speculative. Partly because he caused such fear in the minds of English people and writers at the time, they demonised him and his motives.
For obvious reasons the Scottish writers exaggerated a little with their records. That is why there are some differences between the Hollywood film and the historical records.
Wallace was born around 1270, near Ellerslie, in Ayrshire, Scotland. His father was Sir Malcolm Wallace, a small landowner and a Scottish knight. His mother was the daughter of Sir Hugh Crawford, Sheriff of Ayr. William also had an older brother, called Malcolm. As he was the second son, he did not inherit his father´s titles or land.
There is no real information about W. W´s early life. He is said to have spent his childhood at Dunipace, near Stirling, under the supervision of his uncle. At this time he was trained in the martial arts, including horse - and swordmanship. Chroniclers say that W. was a large, powerful man. He was more than six and a half feet high ( nearly two meters ).
By this time, in 1290, the Scottish nobility at the throne plotted against each other. At the same time English troops, including Welsh and Irish conscripts, worked freely everywhere in Scotland. Civilian life wasn't safe. During this era of lawlessness, W. W´s father was killed in a fight with English troops in 1291. It is probable that his father's death led to Wallace's attitude to fight for his nation's independence. This is a big difference to the Hollywood film, in which his father was killed, when he was a young boy. The release for his attitude was the death of his wife Murron. However, not much is known about Wallace's life during this period. He lived the life of an outlaw, moving constantly to avoid the English and fighting against them with characteristic ferocity. Wallace killed several local rebels and began his systematic attack on the English. In May 1297, with more than 30 men, he took revenge on his father's death by killing the responsible knight and some of his soldiers. By this time Wallace had become a local military leader and the king's enemy.
On September 11, 1297, the English army under John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey confronted W. W. and his army near Stirling. It had been a great victory for the Scottish and W. W. over the English, who lost over 5000 soldiers. William had not only shown that he was a characteristic leader and warrior, but also that he had a lot of tactical military talent. Never before had a Scottish army triumphed over an English army. In October of 1296, Wallace invaded northern England and conquered the counties of Northumberland and Cumberland.
In the same year he had become Sir William Wallace. On July 22, 1298, Edward's 90.000 men strong army attacked a much smaller Scottish force led by Wallace near Falkirk. The English army was at a technological advantage. Consequently the Scottish had no chance to win this battle and as many as 10.000 Scots may have been killed. Wallace's military reputation was destroyed. He was succeeded as guard of the kingdom by Robert the Bruce and Sir John Comyn.
On August 5, 1305 W. was led by a Scottish knight in service to the English king, and arrested near Glasgow. In the Hollywood movie, this fact is left out. He was taken to London and got the status of a caught soldier. He had never sworn the oath of allegiance to Edward. On the 23rd of August 1305 he was executed. After William Wallace was beheaded, his body was torn to pieces. His head was impaled and shown to the crowd on the top of the London Bridge. His arms and legs were send to the four cardinal points of Britain. His right arm was impaled at Newcastle, his left arm at Berwick, his right leg at Perth, and the left leg at Aberdeen. Wallace's execution had not the effect Edward might have believed. He thought that he could break the spirit of the Scots, but he was wrong. By executing the popular Scottish military leader so brutally, Edward enforced the Scottish people's wish for freedom.
Today there are several Scottish monuments of their hero: one at Edinburgh Castle, on one side of the entrance; one in Lanark, in a niche above the door of the current church facing High Street; and the most famous, in Stirling, at the National Wallace Monument. William Wallace lives on in the imagination of Scotland.

 

William Wallace's legendary speech before the battle of Stirling:

Aye, fight and you may die.
Run, and you'll live. At least a while.
And dying in your beds many years from now,
would you be willing to trade all the days,
from this day to that, for one chance,
just one chance,
to come back here and tell our enemies
that they may take our lives,
but they'll never take our
Freedom!!!


by Martin


Sir William Wallace

William Wallace was the greatest hero in Scotland's history. He lived over seven centuries ago, but he is still a symbol of Scottish independence.
Wallace was born around 1270, probably near Ellerslie, in Ayrshire, Scotland. His father was Sir Malcolm Wallace, a small landowner and a Scottish knight. William was the second of three sons. He had spent his childhood at Dunipace, near Stirling, under the supervision of his uncle, who was a priest.
His father Malcolm was killed in a fight with English troops in 1291. The death of his father marked the beginning of William's attitude to fight for his nation's independence. Six years later, in May 1297, he avenged his fathers death by killing the responsible sheriff and some of his soldiers. From then on, William Wallace was the undisputed leader of the Scottish fight for independence. By 1297, he controlled much of Scotland. His battles were the stuff of legends. Wallace's army was able to defeat the English army at Stirling Bridge. This great victory drove the English out of Scotland.
On August 5, 1305 William Wallace was led by a Scottish knight in service to the English king, and arrested near Glasgow. He was taken to trial in London, where he was convicted of treason against the king and brutally executed.


King Robert the Bruce

Like William Wallace, Robert the Bruce was one of the greatest hero's in Scotland's history. As the king of Scotland he achieved the almost impossible dream of William Wallace for Scottish independence.
Robert was born in 1274. His grandfather claimed the throne in 1292 when John Balliol was selected king of Scotland. The Bruce was a popular Lord, who was very uncertain with reference to his changing loyalty. He had first sworn the oath of allegiance to Edward I, but as he saw that Wallace's revolt was successful, he pledged his loyalty back to Scotland.
In 1306, after Wallace's brutal execution, he was crowned king of Scotland. Impressed by William Wallace he was struck with an undying patriotism. As king of Scotland, he was expected to take Wallace's place to fight for freedom. He led several attacks with little success on England. Edward I had defeated most of his armies. After Edward's death The Bruce attacked again.
On 24th June 1314, with an army half the size of the attacking King Edward II, Robert the Bruce defeated the English army at Bannockburn. This was the greatest victory ever in the Scottish history. From this day on, Robert the Bruce was a national hero.
In 1328, The Bruce and Scotland got their wish. The Edinburgh-Northampton treaty gave Scotland the independence.
One year later, on June 7, 1329; King Robert the Bruce of Scotland died of leprosy.

 

King Edward I

Edward I reigned in England from 1272-1307. Many Englishmen recognized him as a great king. For obvious reasons the Scottish and Welsh do not really agree with the English; he was constantly concentrated on subduing Scotland and Wales.
Chroniclers say that he was a handsome man. He was also very tall. Because of his long legs, he got the nickname "Longshanks". He married Eleanor of Castile at an early age. He loved her so much that when she died in 1290 in Wales, he had erected a cross at each site where her body was set down during the journey back to London. Those crosses were called "dear queen" crosses.
It is said that he had a cruel streak. Maybe the death of his wife contributed to this streak. But even though he had such character faults. He was a very strong ruler, who strengthened the authority of the English monarchy. Edward made advantages for England in France and Wales; he tried to subdue Scotland as well, but in Scotland he was not so fortunate like in Wales, where he assigned the royal lands to the future of his son Edward II, who became the first Prince of Wales.
He was still having war against the Scottish when he died in 1307 ( two years after Wallace's execution ). However, his obsession with oppressing the Scottish earned him the nickname "Hammer of the Scots" ( Scotorum malleus ) that someone carved after his death on his tomb.


Prince Edward

Edward II, the first Prince of Wales, was a very tragic and weak figure. He inherited many problems from his father's reign, which were furthered by his weakness as king, he was betrayed by his nobles, and eventually murdered by his wife Queen Isabella in 1327. He was born in Wales in 1284. The young prince was raised under the domination of his mother, before she died in 1290. He suffered very much on the death of her. He had no surviving brothers and his father was not often at home. When his father was there, he was known to have vent his anger on his son. Some chroniclers think that this caused Edward to become very reliant upon his friends, especially Piers Gaveston ( perhaps the model for his friend ( lover ) Philip in the film ) and the Despensers.
His father did not like his friends, nor did he trust him. Because of that he had not given him a lot of opportunities to get some experiences in governing. Therefore, he wasn't versed enough, when he started ruling his kingdom. Then he lost the reign over Scotland, when the Scottish triumphed at Bannockburn in 1314. This was a very big defeat to his reputation. After Bannockburn, the English nobles were so angry with Edward, that they started a rebellion against him under the leadership of the earl of Lancaster. Edward and his new friends, the Dispensers, were able to fight back and to win this civil war ( 1321 ). He executed Lancaster for this rebellion.
Despite his success to defend his crown, he continued angering his nobles. His weakness as king was too big. Like shown in the film, Edward II was allegedly homosexual. His lover ( Piers Gaveston ), was
killed by his nobles some years after Edward I's death.

 

Princess Isabella

Princess Isabella, also known as "The She-Wolf of France", married Prince Edward, later Edward II, when she was 16. This marriage was arranged in the interest of politics by Edward I. That is why they were quite unhappy with each other. Like seen in the film, Edward II was seemingly homosexual, and he spent most of his time with Piers Gaveston ( Philip ).
A few years later Isabella did bear her husband a son, the future Edward III, but Edward II's nobles hadn't believed that the child was his. However, Braveheart's representation that William Wallace is Edward III's father is impossible. There is no historical evidence that the Princess and Wallace have ever met. Edward III was born seven years after Wallace's death.
As Edwards ruling problems grew and his nobles were more and more disgusted with him, Isabella further alienated herself from her husband. Eventually she fled to France, taking her son with her. In 1327, when her husband was at his lowest point with his nobles, Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer invaded England and captured Edward. He was hold as prisoner for a few month and then murdered. It is likely, that his wife murdered him. For a time Isabella kept some power after her husband's death. Once her son was crowned Edward III, she sank into the background.


Murron ( Marion Braidfoot )

The character of Murron is also based on a true historical figure. Only the name was changed. Her real name was Marion Braidfoot. She was William Wallace's wife. They were married in secret, because William didn't want to share her with an English Lord ( ius prime nocte ). The Sheriff of Lanark murdered her, in order to arrest Wallace, because of his force against the English. In the Hollywood film, Wallace was first shown as a peaceful man, who wanted to have a family. Then he was forced to fight, by killing his wife very brutally. This was the release for his attitude to fight for his nation's independence. In reality he was already fighting against the English when Marion ( Murron ) was murdered. There are almost no other information about Marion Braidfoot.

by Martin


Battles

Bannockburn

Date - 23rd and 24th June 1314
Combatants - King Robert the Bruce of Scotland .v. King Edward II of England
Setting - Bannockburn, - Stirling, Scotland

This decisive battle was fought in on the 23rd and 24th of June, 1314, between the Scots, headed by King Robert the Bruce, and the English, headed by their King Edward II (Longshanks son). The English were soundly defeated and Edward barely escaped capture. The film Braveheart gave the impression that the Scots only decided to fight instead of agreeing to humiliating English terms, at the last moment. This is not the case. On the contrary, Bruce challenged the English to meet him by mid-Summersday 1314, or Stirling castle (the last castle in Scotland still to be garrisoned by English troops) would be taken. The English marched north, in an attempt to save the castle.....and the rest follows:
Before the Battle, Bruce spent two months training his army. He wanted to make sure his forces were mobile, since immobility had proved the undoing of the Scottish army under Wallace at Falkirk. He organised his horsemen into a light cavalry of about 500 (who faced the 2000 heavily armoured English cavalry). There were 4 Scottish Divisions of foot soldiers, and a few archers from Ettrick Forest. It is claimed that the Camerons, Chisholms, Frasers, Gordons, Grants, Gunns, Mackays, Mackintoshes, Macphersons, Macquarries, Macleans, MacDonalds, MacFarlanes, MacGregors, MacKenzies, Menzies, Munros, Robertsons, Ross, Sinclairs, and Sutherlands were there.
They were determined as patriots to defend the Independence of Scotland under Bruce's great leadership. The fact that the Scottish nobles, knights, landowners and tenant farmers fought on foot together with their men made for a more cohesive force than the English army which was less democratic. Most of the English leaders were in the cavalry, leaving the infantry at a disadvantage. Bruce prepared the battle field by digging rows of camouflaged pits and laying calthrops to maim the cavalry horses.
On the 23rd June, lightly armed Scots numbering 7,000 faced an English army of 20,0000. The battle began. Bruce's army were drawn up in mighty 'shilterns' (like in Braveheart), to stop the cavalry charging at the undefended troops. The day passed without any real gains on either side. Bruce began to realise that he could lose this battle.

Battle of Dunbar

Date - 1296
Combatants - Gaurdians of Scotland .v. King Edward I of England (longshanks)
Setting - Dunbar, Scotland
Description -

King John Balliol was placed on the throne in 1292. He was a weak King, but he was a King nonetheless, something Scotland hadn't had since 1286. Edward I of England, having already conquered Wales, set his eyes on Scotland. In 1296, he marched North with an army of 30,000 infantry and 5000 cavalry. He invaded Scotland.
He first arrived at Berwick, Scotland's main trading town. He sacked the town, mercilessly killing practically the whole town's population. He then marched to Dunbar and defeated a Scots army sent to meet him. Scotland was now in Edward's hands. He marched to Scone (pro. scoon) and removed the famous 'Stone of Destiny' and removed it to Westminster Abbey, where it remained for 700 years - being returned only recently. He asserted hi domination by touring scotland, removing relics that were special to Scotland, and subduing uprisings. Edinburgh castle was garrisoned with English troops for the first time in it's history.

Battle of Falkirk

Date - 1298
Combatants - Sir William Wallace (Gaurdian of Scotland) .v. King Edward I of England
Setting - Falkirk, Scotland
Description -

After Wallace's victory at Stirling, he was knighted and given the title 'Gaurdian of Scotland'. Edward I, on the other hand, was in Flanders, hoping to secure new land for the English crown. On hearing of the defeat of his entire northern army, he headed home.He then marched north with 87,500 troops. Wallace could only muster about one third of that. When Edward arrived in Kirkliston, he considered retreating after he saw the lothians had become a desert. However, two Scottish knights sent a message to him, betrying Wallace's whereabouts. The following day, Edward's army rode to Falkirk where they attacked the Scots. The Scottish knights also betrayed Wallace, turning and riding from the field at the vital moment. Like most of the Scottish nobles, they would rather have fought for the English where they believed chivalry was best served.
The Scots army suffered severe slaughter. The retreating body of Wallace's men was too small to hold Stirling and had to pass it by. There was little gain in Edward's victory, but he had defeated Wallace. On the banks of the River Forth, Wallace sadly renounced his gaurdianship. He was now an outlaw again.

Battle of Loudon Hill

Date - 1307
Combatants - King Robert the Bruce .v. King Edward I of England
Setting - Loudon, Scotland
Description -

After Wallace's execution in 1305, there was little hope for Scotland. Edward was making the final plans to merge Scotland into England. Edward was an old man though, and would not last much longer. In 1306, something happened that tore the very heart out of Edwards plan's. On the 27th March, 1306, Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick, and claiment to the throne of Scotland, crowned himself at Scone. As you can imagine, Edward I was outraged and immediatly headed north to topple King Robert. At Loudon hill, King Robert met his first defeat. He was now an outlaw, forced to seek shelter wherever he could. Hardly befiting for a King.
Scotland would have been finished then and there if it wasn't for the greatest stroke of luck ever to happen to Scotland. On 7th July 1307, Edward marched north for the last time, his aim - to seek out Robert the Bruce. Thankfully, as he was just about to cross the border, he collapsed and died. If this hadn't of happened, then it is probable to conclude that Scotland would no have existed today.
Edward was replaced by his much weaker son (Edward II) who had no interest whatsoever of continuing the campaign in Scotland. The army returned home, and King Robert came out of hiding.

Battle of Stirling Bridge

Date - 11th September 1297
Combatants - William Wallace of Elderslie .v. Earl of Surrey (commander-in-chief of Scotland under Edward I)
Setting - Royal Burgh of Stirling, Scotland
Desription -

First of all. Forget everything you've seen in Braveheart. Wallace's victory was not in a field, it was over a bridge - Stirling Bridge. This is the real account of what happened at the battle. This is quite a long report, so I've highlighted a few main point if you don't want to read the whole thing.

With many of his Barons hostile, Edward was desperately trying to raise an army to use against France. This situation left him with no troops to send north against the Scots. He therefore decided to release several of the Scottish nobles he had been keeping prisoner since Dunbar. Among them were Alexander Comyn and the Earl of Buchan, who were released on the condition that they quell the disturbances.
When the nobles arrived north, they found the situation far worse then they had been told. They sent various letters to King Edward expressing their loyalty and hopes of success. In the meantime they actually did nothing and waited to see how matters turned out. They also made no effort to prevent their retainers from joining the rebels.
Wallace and Moray had not been idle. By the end of August they had captured Inverness, Elgin, Nabff, Aberdeen, Irvine, Fife and Dundee. The entire country of Scotland, north of the Firth of Forth, was in Scottish hands.
Finally, the Earl of Surray, Edwards Viceroy in Scotland, decided he should do something. He was an elderly soldier who had learned over the years that hundreds of foot soldiers could be scattered by just a few mounted knights. He was convinced that with most of the Scottish nobility and therefore their knights either on the sidelines, in prison, or in the service of Edward, that he could wipe out the commoners of Wallace and Moray with ease. Gathering a large host of heavy horse and foot soldiers, he marched towards Sterling, which was they key to crossing the Forth, and therefore, the key to the North.
On hearing of this approach, Moray and Wallace joined forces and moved south to meet him and defend Stirling. Overlooking a loop in the Forth river, which was crossed only by a single bridge, was an abrupt rock called Abbey Craig, from which a small neck of ground led back to give safe retreat. Below the northern end of the bridge was an area of boggey ground almost entirely encircled by the forth. The Scots deployed their men upon the crag.
The English were camped on the south side of the river. As no army of foot soldiers had ever prevailed against a large force of heavy cavalry, they were extremely self confident.
James Stewart and the Earl of Lennox were hovering on the outskirts with a troop of cavalry, uncertain weather to join Moray and Wallace. They didn't feel the Scots had much of a chance and were hesitant to risk their force. In an effort to prevent the annihilation of the countrymen, they approached the the Earl of Surray with the suggestion that they initiate a parlay. The earl agreed but Wallace and Moray refused. Two Dominican friars were then dispatched to Moray and Wallace with offers of generous treatment if they would yield. "Tell your commander", Wallace replied, "that we are not here to make peace but to do battle to defend ourselves and liberate out kingdom. Let them come and we shall prove this in their very beards."
At dawn on September 11, a party of English foot soldiers were sent over the narrow bridge but were recalled because the Earl had overslept. Hugh de Cressingham was fuming with impatience. He urged that no more time be wasted and the earl gave him the order to cross. He arrogantly led his cavalry across the bridge two by two.
When approximately half of his force had crossed the bridge, Wallace and Moray gave the signal to attack. The main force of the Scots fell upon the leading ranks on the causeway that lead from the bridge to the more solid ground some distance from the bridge. A hand picked detachment seized the bridgehead and began to cut away its timbers. Jostled from the causeway, the heavy horses of the armored knights plunged into the deep mire on either side, unable to move or charge, throwing their riders to the ground.
Behind them the rest of the English army was powerless to help as the bridge was now destroyed. A massacre now took place. Hugh de Cressingham was flayed and pieces of his skin were sent throughout the country as tokens of defiance. Legend has it that Wallace had a baldrick made from a large piece of it.
The Earl of Surray had not crossed the bridge, aghast at the carnage, he fled straight to the border. The foot soldiers and the baggage trains were not as fortunate. As they retreated, James Stewart and the Earl of Lennox, who were lurking in the woods on either side until they saw the outcome, fell upon the fleeing groups.
The effect was immediate, for the first time, commoners had defeated mounted knights. The dissenting barons were so shocked that immediately patched up their disagreements with the King.

by Joscha


Cast list of Braveheart


Mel Gibson
William Wallace

MEL GIBSON was born in upstate New York and moved with his family to Australia when he was 12 years old. Gibson visited the National Institute of Dramatic Arts at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. His stage appearances include "Death of a Salesman." Gibson was brought to the attention of director George Miller who cast him in "Mad Max," the film that first brought him worldwide recognition. This was followed by the title role in "Tim". Gibson's portrayal of a handicapped young man made him win the Australian Film Institute Best Actor Award. He was further established as an international star by the two hit sequels to "Mad Max" "The Road Warrior" and "Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome" along with Peter Weir's "Gallipoli," which brought Gibson a second Australian Best Actor Award. A few years later, Weir and Gibson again collaborated on "The Year of Living Dangerously". Gibson made his American film debut in "The River". He starred in another popular trilogy with the high-grossing "Lethal Weapon" film series. Gibson's other films include "The Bounty", "Mrs. Soffel", "Tequila Sunrise", "Bird on a Wire" and "Air America". When Gibson starred in "Hamlet" directed by Franco Zeffirelli, the film was the first to be produced by Gibson's production company Icon Productions. The role brought him the William Shakespeare Award of the Folger Theatre in Washington, D.C. Icon also produced, with Mel Gibson starring, "Forever Young" and "Maverick.


Real Name: Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson
Profile: Actor, Director, Producer
Birth date: January 3, 1956
Birthplace: Peekskill, NY, USA
Sign: Sun in Capricorn, Moon in Virgo
Education: National Institute of Dramatic Arts, Sydney, Australia
Relations: Wife: Robyn Moore; Children: Hannah, Edward, Christian, William, Louis, Milo


Awards for Braveheart


Academy Awards, USA 1996, Best Director

Academy Awards, USA 1996, Best Picture

Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards, 1996, Best Director

Golden Globes, 1996, Best Director

National Board of Review, 1995, special Achievement in Filmmaking

ShoWest Convention, USA 1996, Director of the Year



Sophie Marceau
Princess Isabelle


SOPHIE MARCEAU was making her starring debut in an English language film after starring in films produced in her native France. Marceau became an actress by chance when she was 13 years old. After being unable to find a holiday job as a young girl, she borrowed money to have Photographs made of herself and found representation at a talent agency. After several months, she was asked to test for the lead role in a film that was to become a big hit and make her a star. The film was "La Boum," which was folowed with "La Boum 2". For the latter film, she received a Cesar award for female revelation of the year. Marceau went on to star with Gerard Depardieu and Catherine Deneuve in "Fort Saganne", which was followed by "Joyeuses Paques" and "Police", again with Depardieu. She has acted in three films directed by Andrzej Zulawski: "L'Amour Braque", "Mes Nuits Sont plus BelIes que Vos Jours" and "La Note Bleue". In 1992 she starred in "La Fille de D'Artagnan" directed by Bertrand Tavernier.

Patrick McGoohan
King Edward I


PATRICK McGOOHAN has appeared in such films as "Of Pure Blood", "Brass Target". "Jamaica Inn" (1985), "Baby...Secret of the Lost Legend", "Escape From Alcatraz", "The Man in the Iron Mask", "Silver Streak", "Mary, Queen of Scots", "Ice Station Zebra", "The Three Lives of Thomasina", "All Night Long" (1963) and "The Dam Busters". McGoohan was born in New York and lived in Sheffield, England to work in a variety of occupations before becoming a stage manager and then actor. He has appeared in 180 stage productions, including the Orson Welles production of "Moby Dick" in London's West End and Hugh Whitemore's "Pack of Lies" on Broadway. McGoohan became a household name in the United Kingdom when he starred in 96 episodes of "Danger Man" on television (the series were titled "Secret Agent" in the U.S.) and then created and starred in the classic series "The Prisoner", which he executive produced. He also wrote and directed eight of the famous 17 "The Prisoner" episodes. His American television appearances include the series of "Rafferty". He has also written, directed and starred in numerous "Columbo" specials.

Catherine McCormack
Murron


CATHERINE McCORMACK made her motion picture acting debut in "Bloody Weekend" directed by Anna Campion. She has appeared on British television in "Inspector Wycliffe" and "Strawberry Vale." Of Scottish ancestry, McCormack was born and raised in Alton, Hampshire, England. She trained at the Oxford School of Drama where she acted in productions of such plays as "The Cherry Orchard," "Arabian Nights" and 'Betrayal."

Brendan Gleeson
Hamish

BRENDAN GLEESON has appeared in "The Snapper", "Far and Away", "The Field" and "Conneely's Choice". His U.K. television appearances include "Love Lies Bleeding", "The Hamster Wheel", "The Bargain Shop", "In The Border Country", "The Treaty" and "Passion Plays." Gleeson was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland. A prolific theatre actor since 1987, Gleeson got a Jacobs Award for "The Treaty" in 1992. Some of his recent stage appearances include "The Man from Clare" and "Juno and the Paycock" at the Gaiety Theatre and "Pilgrims" at the Project Arts Theatre. "Juno and the Paycock" was also staged in Chicago. Gleeson is also a fiddle player and playwrighter whose plays include "Babies and Bathwater," which will be performed by the BBC Radio Belfast.

James Cosmo
Campbell


JAMES COSMO has appeared in "Black Beauty", "The Fool", "Treasure Island", "Highlander", "Assault", "Young Winston", "Virgin Soldiers" and "Battle of Britain". He has appeared in more than 30 U.K. television productions, including a regular role in the hit series "Roughnecks". His other TV appearances include "Sinbin", "House of Elliot", "Between The Lines", "The Window Cleaner", "Saracen", "Sweeney" and "Winners and Losers". Cosmo was born in Scotland and now resides in London.


David O'Hara
Stephen

DAVID O'HARA starred in "Comfort and Joy", "Link", "Fellow Travellers" and "The Bridge". His U.K. television appearances include "Young Man in a Hurry", "The Monocled Mutineer", "Taggart", "Full Stretch" and "Grushko". Although O'Hara was born and brought up in Scotland, his great grandfather was Irish. As a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford-upon Avon, he appeared in "Taming of the Shrew", "Romeo and Juliet" and "Cymbeline".

Angus McFadyen
Robert the Bruce

ANGUS McFADYEN is making his motion picture acting debut in "Braveheart." His U.K. television appearances include "Making Waves", "The Lost Language of Cranes", "Soldier, Soldier", "God of Happiness" and "Care". Raised in France, McFadyen is a graduate of the University of Edinburgh and studied acting at the Central School of Speech and Drama. His theatre credits include "The Tempest, Cloud Nine" and "The lmmortals" for the Edinburgh Fringe Theatre. He is also a play writer whose "1905" was honoured with the 1991 Questors Student Playing Award.

Peter Hanly
Prince Edward

PETER HANLY is making his motion picture debut in "Braveheart". Hanly began acting with the Dublin Youth Theatre and later joined the Theatre Unlimited. Since then, his stage appearances have included "Field Day" at the Hampstead Theatre, "The Breadman" at the Gate Theatre and "The Ash Fire" at the Tricycle Theatre." He has also performed for television and radio in Ireland. His TV appearances include RTE's "The Truth About Claire".

by Ingmar