Technologies and sexualities

Technologies and sexualities

We are investigating, both in the laboratory and with the help of surveys, the influence of new technologies on human sexuality, such as the use of robots, the internet or virtual reality.

What does this look like in practice?

In a recent study, for example, we showed study participants traditional pornographic movies in 2D and virtual reality (VR). Half of the participants had seen the first movie in 2D and the second movie in VR - for the other half, the distribution was the other way around. We then showed study participants photos of the actresses from both the 2D and VR films and asked how intense the eye contact had been and whether the actresses had flirted with or desired them. We found that participants described significantly more interaction such as eye contact after watching the VR videos and that this was related to salivary oxytocin levels.

What other studies are conducted?

In another study, we are currently evaluating the consequences of using highly realistic silicone (sex) dolls. These dolls are considered as precursors of so-called sex robots, but do not yet have artificial intelligence and only limited communication and movement capabilities.

Selected publications

  • Desbuleux, J. C., & Fuss, J. (2022). Is the Anthropomorphization of Sex Dolls Associated with Objectification and Hostility Toward Women? A Mixed Method Study among Doll Users. The Journal of Sex Research, 1-15.
  • Dekker, A., Wenzlaff, F., Biedermann, S. V., Briken, P., & Fuss, J. (2021). VR porn as “empathy machine”? Perception of self and others in virtual reality pornography. The Journal of Sex Research, 58(3), 273-278.
  • Fuss, J., & BÅ‘the, B. (2022). Cybersex (including sex robots). In Mental Health in a Digital World (pp. 307-344). Academic Press.


Prof. Dr. med. Johannes Fuß