Founded in 1985, the Institute for Combustion and Gas Dynamics (IVG) conducts innovative research on high-temperature gas processes in engineering. Well known for its expertise on the prevention of soot formation, the IVG was among the first institutions to apply this knowledge to the production of valuable nanoparticles from the gas phase.
With its four chairs, Thermodynamics (Professor Atakan), Nanoparticle Process Technology (Professor Winterer), Reactive Fluids (Professor Schulz), and Fluid Dynamics (Professor Kempf), the IVG covers a wide range of research on high-temperature reactions. The team consists of over 80 scientists, including Professors Kasper and Kaiser, Apl. Prof. Dreier, Drs. Wiggers, Welz, and Wlokas, and many postdocs and graduate students. The institute has actively shaped the research at the University of Duisburg-Essen, in particular through its DFG-funded collaborative research center “Nanoparticles in the Gas Phase “, the research training group “Nanotronics “, the research units “Polygeneration“ and "Model-based Scalable Gas-phase Synthesis", and the “Nano Energy Technology Center“. The IVG plays a key role in the university’s research networks CENIDE (Center for Nanointegration), CCSS (Center for Computational Sciences and Simulation) and CER.UDE (Center for Energy Research).
The IVG has unique experimental facilities and instruments, including reactors for nanoparticle synthesis up to the pilot scale, optically accessible internal combustion engines, and one of the world’s largest shock-tube laboratories for the investigation of high-temperature kinetics. A wide array of laser diagnostics enables the development and application of new strategies for quantitative in situ analysis of reactive flows. The IVG also commands computational resources supporting its theoretical and modeling work, with over 1500 processors in-house and direct access to various high-performance computing centers. Twelve highly qualified and experienced technical staff support the experimental and computational research.
The IVG is a major contributor to undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, from thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and combustion to chemical kinetics, laser diagnostics, and numerical techniques. A total of fifteen doctoral degrees and forty bachelor’s and master’s theses each year give evidence of the institute’s active role in educating the next generation of scientists and engineers.