Luna Frauhammer elected Early Career Representative of the DGPs Media Psychology Division
At this year's division meeting in Luxembourg, Luna Frauhammer was elected deputy early career representative of the Media Psychology division of the German Psychological Society (DGPs). She will hold this position for two years together with Daniel Possler (University of Würzburg).
Media Psychology Conference in Luxembourg
The department was represented with two contributions at this year's Media Psychology Conference of the German Psychological Society (DGPs). German Neubaum presented a position paper on a theoretic framework for technologically mediated moral outrage. Luna Frauhammer and German Neubaum presented their study "Effects Of Subjective Climate Change Knowledge on Pro-Environmental Behavior and Information Selection".
Perceived knowledge through attitudinally congruent social media comments? New publication at the department
How do homogeneous opinion spaces on social media affect our behavior and self-assessment of our knowledge? This question was addressed by Luna Frauhammer and German Neubaum in their new publication "Metacognitive effects of attitudinal (in)congruence on social media: relating processing fluency, subjective knowledge, and political participation". For this purpose, subjects in an online experiment saw political social media posts with associated comments that either corresponded to the subjects' opinion or represented an opposing viewpoint. The results show that processing attitude-congruent comments felt easier, that subjects in the congruent condition rated their own knowledge on the topic as higher, and showed a higher willingness to participate in politics.
The publication can be found here.
What do people know about algorithms? And what do we know about what they know? New article published
Today, algorithms determine what we see where online. They are programmed according to specific criteria and are automated "gatekeepers" of our information landscape. While many social media platforms keep secret how these algorithms are designed, it is unclear how much online users know about how algorithms work. In a literature review, we therefore took a scholarly approach to the concept of "algorithmic literacy" and elaborated on how we can use it in media research in the future.
This article was written in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch, University of Connecticut, USA, who will visit UDE and our department for several months in the fall of 2021 as part of a Fulbright scholarship.
You can find the article here: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/14614448231182662
More about Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch: https://anne-oeldorf-hirsch.uconn.edu
From Duisburg to Toronto
Once again, our team is attending the International Communication Association (ICA) conference, which is taking place this year in Toronto. Luna Frauhammer will present her paper "Investigating the Link Between Attitudinal Congruence on Social Media and Political Participation: A Metacognitive Approach". Jana Dreston and Luna Frauhammer will further present their dissertation projects at this year's Ph.D. Workshop.
More information about the conference and the program can be found here.
Exciting student projects and seminars in the summer semester 2023
In the summer semester we will offer different seminars and projects in the course of studies "Applied Cognitive and Media Science". In the practical project (B.Sc.) "Climate Change on Social Media - How do Climate Activists Communicate?" we will investigate what impact climate communication via social networks can have. In the English-language Master's seminar "Digital Society: Learning from the News in Algorithmic Societies" we discuss current research on the way we consume news today and what we learn from it. The seminar "Internet-Research: Computational Approaches to Investigate Online Phenomena", also in English, deals with different theories and methods to investigate current phenomena (e.g. social movements) in social media. In the master seminar "Climate and Science Communication in the Media" (specialization in media psychology), current research on climate communication and its challenges will be discussed.
In the master research project, educational processes (e.g. regarding morality) through social media will continue to be investigated using different methods.
We are looking forward to the collaboration!
New Registered Report on political expression released!
Would you express your opinion on a political issue if you knew that this message would be stored publicly with your name forever? In turn, what does it do to your political views if you know this opinion piece will remain accessible forever? Do you then stand more behind your expressed attitude? In a collaboration with Prof. Dr. Dan Lane of the University of Southern California, Santa Barbara, USA, we investigated these questions experimentally. The findings of the Registered Report have now been published in open access by the Journal of Media Psychology.
Click here to read the article: https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1027/1864-1105/a000372
German Neubaum appointed Associate Editor at the Journal of Media Psychology
German Neubaum has been appointed Associate Editor at the Journal of Media Psychology for a term of three years. "After serving for many years as an Editorial Assistant at this journal that is so important to our community, I am now very excited to serve the field in this new role," Neubaum said. The Journal of Media Psychology includes six issues per year and is published by Hogrefe.
More about the journal: https://www.hogrefe.com/us/journal/journal-of-media-psychology
Jana Dreston is Zeit Fellow
Since this year, Jana Dreston has been a member of Zeit-Verlang’s first “Zia – visible Women in Science” fellowship cohort. The goal of the fellowship is for the 25 female scientist to network and exchange ideas across disciplines and age groups. The focus is on promoting visibility, science communication and media literacy. More information: https://zeitfuerx.de/forschung/zia/
New publication at the department: Consensus Messaging in Climate Change Communication
At 97%, the scientific consensus on the existence of anthropogenic climate change is overwhelming - but is this consensus correctly perceived by the public? Studies from the U.S. show that it often is not, and that correcting this misperception can also increase key beliefs about climate change. In the new publication "Pre-registered replication of the gateway belief model-Results from a representative German sample", Nadia Said, Luna Frauhammer, and Markus Huff investigated whether consensus messaging can also help raise climate awareness in Germany.
The publication can be found here.
New publication at the department: More social media, less knowledge?
Do media really make us smarter or do we just feel that way? This question is addressed in the latest blog article by Jana Dreston on inmind (link) on the connection between media consumption and the perceived and actual knowledge of users. Based on the work of Granderath et al. (2021), it is described that in times of crisis a threat classified as dangerous by the user can lead to increased media consumption. However, this does not simultaneously lead to an increase in knowledge. Instead, the impression is created that the user is better informed. Thus, increased media consumption often leads to increased perceived knowledge, but not to an actual increase in knowledge.
New publication at the department: We're a good match: Selective political friending on social networking sites.
Adding friends to one's friend list has become an integral part of every social media platform, but what motivates users to add certain people and not others? Manuel Cargnino, German Neubaum and Stephan Winter investigate the motivation for this "friending" in their latest study (link). Building on existing research on selective exposure, they introduce the new term "selective political friending" as a possible cause for the formation of echo chambers. The results of their experiment show that users select politically like-minded people especially when their political views are particularly strong.
From Duisburg to Paris: Two Contributions at this Year's ICA Conference
The research group will present two contributions at this year’s ICA (International Communication Association) Conference in Paris. Daniel Röchert will present his research on ideological polarization of online news outlets in the contribution „Political Polarization in Times of Crisis: Ideological Bias of News Coverage of the COVID-19 Pandemic on YouTube” (authors: D. Röchert, G. K. Shahi, G. Neubaum, S. Stieglitz). German Neubaum’s contribution “How Subjective Norms Shape Personal Privacy Regulation in Social Media: A Cross-National Approach“ (Autoren: G. Neubaum, M. Metzger, N. Krämer, E. Kyewski) will introduce a cross-national comparison of German and US-American Facebook users’ online privacy behaviors. German Neubaum will also have a talk about the Spiral of Silence Theory at one of the pre-conferences.
You can find further information about the conference as well as the entire program on the ICA website.
New Publication: Technological Affordances of Digital Political Expression
What encourages political expression online? To answer this question, German Neubaum and Brian Weeks propose a new theoretical framework in the publication “Computer-mediated political expression: A conceptual framework of technological affordances and individual tradeoffs”. The framework stresses the role of technological affordances of digital media, like user anonymity or persistence of posts. These affordances, in turn, affect the perceived costs and benefits of online political expression and thus the users’ behaviors.
The publication can be found here.
New publication at the department: We're a good match: Selective political
friending on social networking sites.
Adding friends to one's friend list has become an integral part of every social media platform, but what motivates users to add certain people and not others? Manuel Cargnino, German Neubaum and Stephan Winter investigate the motivation for this "friending" in their latest study (https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/commun-2021-0028/html). Building on existing research on selective exposure, they introduce the new term "selective political friending" as a possible cause for the formation of echo chambers. The results of their experiment show that users select politically like-minded people especially when their political views are particularly strong.
New Semester – New Topics:
Courses for the Winter Semester 21/22
This semester, we will offer two courses (one practical project and one research project) for students of Applied Cognitive and Media Science (Komedia). Both courses are supervised by German Neubaum and Jana Dreston. The practical project will evaluate the App “Diskutier mit mir” (English: Discuss with me) which enables its users to discuss with people holding different beliefs about political topics. Students of the course will evaluate how this App can be beneficial for the political discourse. In the research project, students will conduct empirical research within the area of informal educational processes in social media.
Additional information can be found under Teaching
New Employees in our Research Group:
Luna Frauhammer and Jana Dreston Join our Team
We are happy to welcome Jana Dreston and Luna Frauhammer as new doctoral students at our research group. Besides her PhD project, Jana Dreston will mainly focus on teaching for students of Applied Cognitive and Media Science (Komedia). Luna Frauhammer will be joining the junior research group DICINT.
Conspiracy Theorists on their own?
New Publication on Conspiracy Theories on YouTube
Social Media Like YouTube are considered as ideal breeding ground for misinformation and conspiracy theories. The research group’s new publication „Caught in a networked collusion? Homogeneity in conspiracy-related discussion networks on YouTube“ examines the network structure of conspiracy theoretic content on YouTube. The authors analyze if conspiracy theorists on YouTube are caught in homogenous networks by applying natural language processing as well as network analytical approaches.
Forever and Always:
New Publication on the Persistence of Political Opinion Messages on Social Media
“The internet does not forget.” Many internet users are warned about the persistence of online messages. But does this persistence affect whether we express our opinions online? German Neubaum addresses this question in his recently published study „It’s Going to be Out There For a Long Time: The Influence of Message Persistence on Users’ Political Opinion Expression in Social Media“. Based on the spiral of silence theory, it was assumed that higher persistence of messages will negatively affect the willingness to express one’s opinion.
Prof. Dr. Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch Stays at the UDE as Fulbright Visiting Scholar
We are happy to welcome Professor Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch to our team, who will stay at the University of Duisburg-Essen for four months. Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch is an Associate Professor at the University of Connecticut. Her research focuses on the use of social media for communication and informational purposes. During her stay at the University of Duisburg-Essen, she will be studying Algorithmic Literacy. Her stay is supported through a grant awarded by the German-American Fulbright-Commission which every year sponsors excellent researchers from Germany or the US to pursue a research or teaching stay. More information on Professor Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch can be found here.
Misinformation Bubbles regarding COVID-19?
New Publication in the Journal “Online Social Networks and Media”
Do social media like YouTube facilitate the distribution of false information and the formation of informational homogeneity? Our new publication „The Networked Context of COVID-19 Misinformation: Informational Homogeneity on YouTube at the Beginning of the Pandemic“ (authors: Daniel Röchert, Guatam Kishore Shahi, German Neubaum, Björn Ross, Stefan Stieglitz) addresses these questions in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, a large amount of data was gathered on YouTube at the beginning of the pandemic and analyzed by combining machine learning and network analytical approaches.