Publications Prof. Schmid

(Book chapter) (peer-reviewed) (conference proceedings)

Book chapter


  • P. Manley, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, M. Schmid “Design principles for plasmonic nanoparticle devices” in “Progress in Nonlinear Nano-Optics”, Editor R. Grunwald, Springer (2015)







  • H. Mönig, M. Schmid “Renewable energy conversion using nano- and microstructured materials” Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology - Editorial 10, 771 (2019)  doi:10.3762/bjnano.10.76 (journal version)
  • G. Yin, M. Song, M. Schmid “Rear point contact structures for performance enhancement of semi-transparent ultrathin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 195, 318 (2019) (author version)


  • F. Ringleb, S. Andree, B. Heidmann, J. Bonse, K. Eylers, O. Ernst, T. Boeck, M. Schmid, J. Krüger “Femtosecond laser-assisted fabrication of chalcopyrite micro-concentrator photovoltaics” Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 9, 3025 (2018) doi:10.3762/bjnano.9.281 (journal version)
  • L. Jia, P. Bogdanoff, M. Schmid, U. Bloeck, S. Fiechter, H. Wang “Reconstruction of solar fuel ultrathin films via periodically microbending for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting” ACS Applied Energy Materials 1, 6748 (2018) DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01654
  • P. Manley, F.F. Abdi, S. Berglund, A.T.M.N. Islam, S. Burger, R. van de Krol, M. Schmid "Absorption enhancement for ultrathin solar fuel devices with plasmonic gratings" ACS Applied Energy Materials 1, 5810 (2018), DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01070 (archive article)
  • P. Manley, M. Song, S. Burger, M. Schmid "Efficient determination of bespoke optically active nanoparticle distributions" Journal of Optics 20, 085003 (2018), DOI: 10.1088/2040-898 (archive article)
  • G. Yin, P. Manley, M. Schmid “Light trapping in ultrathin CuIn1-xGaxSe2 solar cells by dielectric nanoparticles” Solar Energy 163 443 (2018), DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2018.01.096 (author version) 
  • B. Heidmann, S. Andree, S. Levcenko, T. Unold, D. Abou-Ras, N. Schäfer, J. Bonse, J. Krüger, M. Schmid “Fabrication of regularly arranged chalcopyrite micro solar cells via femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer for concentrator application” ACS Applied Energy Materials 1, 27 (2018), DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.7b00028


  • K.M. Czajkowski, M. Schmid “Durable and cost-effective neutral density filters utilizing multiple reflections in glass slide stacks” IEEE Photonics Journal 9, 1 (2017), DOI: 10.1109/JPHOT.2017.2773500   (journal version)
  • G. Yin, M. Song, W. Raja, P. Andrae, M. Schmid “Experimental identification of unique angular dependent scattering behavior of nanoparticles” Journal of the European Optical Society-Rapid Publications 13:38 (2017), DOI: 10.1186/s41476-017-0066-4   (journal version)
  • B. Heidmann, F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, S. Levcenco, J. Bonse, S. Andree, J. Krüger, T. Unold, T. Boeck, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Schmid “Local growth of CuInSe2 micro cells for concentration application” Materials Today Energy 6 238 (2017), DOI: 10.1016/j.mtener.2017.10.010  (author version)
  • S. Andree, B. Heidmann, F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, J. Bonse, T. Boeck, M. Schmid, J. Krüger “Production of precursors for micro-concentrator solar cells by femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer” Applied Physics A 123: 670 (2017), DOI: 10.1007/s00339-017-1282-x   (journal version)
  • D. Sancho-Martinez, M. Schmid “Thermal management approaches of Cu(Inx,Ga1−x)Se2 micro-solar cells” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50, 445501 (2017), DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa8ac  (author version)
  • G. Mangalgiri, P. Manley, W. Riedel and M. Schmid "Dielectric Nanorod Scattering and its Influence of Material Interfaces" Scientivic Reports 7:4311 (2017), DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03721-w   (journal version)
  • W. Raja, M. Schmid, A. Toma, H. Wang, A. Alabastri, R. P. Zaccaria "Perovskite nanopillar array based tandem solar cell" ACS Photonics 4, 2025 (2017), DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00406
  • M. Haggui, B. Reinhold, P. Andrae, D. Greiner, M. Schmid, P. Fumagalli “Local photocurrent mapping and cell performance behaviour on a nanometer scale for monolithically interconnected Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells” Journal of Microscopy 268, 66 (2017), DOI: 10.1111/jmi.12587 (author version) 
  • Y. Liu, P. Plate, V. Hinrichs, T. Köhler, M. Song, P. Manley, M. Schmid, P. Bartsch, S. Fiechter, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner, C.-H. Fischer “Size- and density-controlled deposition of Ag nanoparticle films by a novel low-temperature spray chemical vapour deposition method – research into mechanism, particle growth and optical simulation” Journal of Nanoparticle Research 19:141 (2017), DOI: 10.1007/s11051-017-3834-6  (author version)
  • M. Schmid “Review on light management by nanostructures in Chalcopyrite solar cells” Semiconductor Science and Technology (Invited Topical Review) 32, 043003 (2017), DOI: 10.1088/1361-6641/aa59ee  (author version)
  • M. Schmid, G. Yin, M. Song, S. Duan, B. Heidmann, D. Sancho-Martinez, S. Kämmer, T. Köhler, P. Manley, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner “Concentrating light in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells“ Journal of Photonics for Energy 7, 018001 (2017), DOI: 10.1117/1.JPE.7.018001  (journal version)
  • F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, Th. Teubner, H.-P. Schramm, C. Symietz, J. Bonse, S. Andree, B. Heidmann, M. Schmid, J. Krüger, T. Boeck “Growth and shape of indium islands on molybdenum at micro-roughened spots created by femtosecond laser pulses” Applied Surface Science 418, 548 (2017), DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.11.135  (author version)
  • G. Yin, M. W. Knight, M.-Claire van Lare, M. M. S. Garcia, A. Polman, and M. Schmid “Opto-electronic enhancement of ultrathin CIGSe solar cells by nanophotonic contacts“ Advanced Optical Materials, 5, 1600637 (2017), DOI10.1002/adom.201600 (author version)
  • Y. Liu, F. Lang, T. Dittrich, A. Steigert, C.-H. Fischer, T. Köhler, P. Plate, J. Rappich, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Schmid “Enhancement of photocurrent in an ultra-thin perovskite solar cell by Ag nanoparticles deposited at low temperature” RSC Advances 7, 1206 (2017), DOI: 10.1039/c6ra25149h (journal version) 


  • G. Yin, M. Song, S. Duan, P. Manley, D. Greiner, C. A. Kaufmann, M. Schmid “Well-controlled dielectric nanomeshes by colloidal nanosphere lithography for opto-electronic enhancement of ultrathin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 8, 31646 (2016), DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b10135
  • M. Schmid, P. Manley, M. Song, G. Yin “Nanoparticles for light management in ultra-thin chalcopyrite solar cells” Journal of Materials Research (Invited Feature Paper) 31, 3273 (2016), DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2016.382 (author version)
  • G. Yin, P. Manley, M. Schmid “Light absorption enhancement for ultra-thin Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 solar cells using closely packed 2-D SiO2 nanosphere arrays” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 153, 124 (2016), DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.04.012 (author version)
  • F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, Th. Teubner, T. Boeck, C. Symietz, J. Bonse, S. Andree, J. Krüger, B. Heidmann, M. Schmid, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner “Regularly arranged indium islands on glass/molybdenum substrates upon femtosecond laser and physical vapor deposition processing” Applied Physics Letters 108, 111904 (2016), DOI: 10.1063/1.4943794 (journal version)


  • G. Yin, A. Steigert, P. Manley, R. Klenk, M. Schmid “Enhanced absorption in tandem solar cells by applying hydrogenated In2O3 as electrode” Applied Physics Letters 107, 211901 (2015), DOI: 10.1063/1.4936328 (journal version)
  • M.-C. van Lare, G. Yin, A. Polman, M. Schmid “Light coupling and trapping in ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells using dielectric scattering patterns” ACS Nano 9, 9603 (2015), DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b04091 (author version)
  • Y. Liu, Y. Fu, T. Dittrich, R. Saez-Araoz, M. Schmid, V. Hinrichs, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner, C.-H. Fischer “Phase transitions during formation of Ag nanoparticles on In2S3 precursor layers” Thin Solid Films 590, 54 (2015), DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2015.07.021 (author version)
  • G. Yin, A. Steigert, P. Andrä, M. Goebelt, M. Latzel, P. Manley, I. Lauermann, S. Christiansen, M. Schmid “Integration of plasmonic Ag nanoparticles as back reflector in ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells” Applied Surface Science 355, 800 (2015), DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.07.195 (author version)
  • B. Reinhold, M. Schmid, D. Greiner, M. Schuele, D. Kieven, A. Ennaoui, M.C. Lux-Steiner “Monolithically interconnected lamellar Cu(In,Ga)Se2 micro solar cells under full white light concentration” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Application 23, 1929 (2015), DOI: 10.1002/pip.2611 (author version)
  • M. Schmid, P. Manley, “Nano- and microlenses as concepts for enhanced performance of solar cells” Journal of Photonics for Energy 5,  057003 (2015), DOI: 10.1117/1.JPE.5.057003 (journal version)
  • G. Yin, V. Brackmann, V. Hoffmann, M. Schmid “Enhanced performance of ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells deposited at low process temperature” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 132, 142 (2015), DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2014.08.045 (author version)


  • P. Manley, G. Yin, M. Schmid “A method for calculating the complex refractive index of inhomogeneous thin films” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 47, 205301(2014), DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/47/20/205301 (author version)
  • G. Yin, P. Manley, M. Schmid “Influence of substrate and its temperature on the optical constants of CuIn1-xGaxSe2 thin films” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 47, 135101 (2014), DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/47/13/135101
  • M. Schmid, P. Andrae, P. Manley “Plasmonic and photonic scattering and near fields of nanoparticles” Nanoscale Research Letters 9,  50 (2014), DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-9-50 (journal vers.)


  • M. Schmid, J. Grandidier, H.A. Atwater “Scanning near-field optical microscopy on dense random assemblies of metal nanoparticles” Journal of Optics 15, 125001 (2013), DOI: 10.1088/2040-8978/15/12/125001 (author version)
  • G. Yin, C. Merschjann, M. Schmid “The effect of surface roughness on the determination of optical constants of CuInSe2 and CuGaSe2  thin films” Journal of Applied Physics 113, 213510 (2013), DOI: 10.1063/1.4809550 (journal vers.)
  • M. Schmid, J. Klaer, R. Klenk, M. Topič, J. Krč “Stability of plasmonic metal nanoparticles integrated in the back contact of ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)S2 solar cells” Thin Solid Films 527, 308 (2013), DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2012.12.023 (author version)


Conference proceedings



  • M. Schmid, B. Heidmann, F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, O. Ernst, S. Andree, J. Bonse, T. Boeck, J. Krüger “Locally grown Cu(In,Ga)Se2 micro islands for concentrator solar cells” Proceedings of SPIE, Physics, Simulation, and Photonic Engineering of Photovoltaic Devices VII 10527, 1052707 (2018), DOI: 10.1117/12.2288253, (journal version) 



  • S. Andree, B. Heidmann, F. Ringleb, K. Eylers, J. Bonse, T. Boeck, M. Schmid, J. Krüger “Femtosecond laser pulses for photovoltaic bottom-up strategies” Proceedings of the 10th International Mittweida Conference accepted (2017)
  • M. Schmid, E. Lotter, X. Lin, L. Wang, R. Klenk, K. Eylers, F. Ringleb, R. Boeck, B. Heidmann, G. Nenna, F. Loffredo, F. Villani, T. Köhler, D. Sancho-Martinez, T. Raadik, J. Krustok, M. Grossberg, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner “Micro concentrator concept for cost reduction and efficiency enhancement of thin-film chalcopyrite photovoltaics: results from EU joint research program CHEETAH” Proceedings of the 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Amsterdam (2017)
  • M. Song, G. Yin, P. Fumagalli, M. Schmid “Local characterization of light trapping effects of metallic and dielectric nanoparticles in ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells via scanning near-field optical microscopy” Proc. SPIE, Quantum Dots and Nanostructures: Growth, Characterization, and Modeling XIV 10114, 101140S (2017), DOI: 10.1117/12.2253223


  • M. Schmid, G. Yin, M. Song, S. Duan, B. Heidmann, D. Sancho-Martinez, S. Kämmer, T. Köhler, P. Manley, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner “Concentrating light in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells“ Proc. SPIE, Next Generation Technologies for Solar Energy Conversion VII 9937, 993703 (2016), DOI: 10.1117/12.2238 (journal vers.)
  • G.Mangalgiri, P.Manley, W.Riedel, M.Schmid “Optical investigations of nanorod-substrate interaction for light management” Conference on Lasers and Electro-OpticsJTh2A.15 OSA (2016), DOI: 10.1364/CLEO_AT.2016.JTh2A.1


  • M. Schmid, S. Tsakanikas, G. Mangalgiri, P. Andrae, M. Song, G. Yin, W. Riedel, P. Manley “Nano-optical concept design for light management” Proc. SPIE, Optical Design and Engineering VI 9626, 96260E (2015), DOI: 10.1117/12.2191081 (journal vers.)
  • P. Manley, F. Schmidt, M. Schmid “An efficient method for calculating the absorption enhancement in solar cells with integrated plasmonic and photonic nanoparticles” 9th International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics - Metamaterials (2015), DOI: 10.1109/MetaMaterials.2015.7342570
  • P. Andrae, M. Song, M. Haggui, P. Fumagalli, M. Schmid “Mapping near-field plasmonic interactions of silver particles with scanning near-field optical microscopy measurements” Proc. SPIE, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XIII 9547, 95470E (2015), DOI: 10.1117/12.2187358 (journal vers.)


  • M. Schmid, P. Manley, “Enhancing solar cell efficiency by lenses on the nano- and microscale” Proc. SPIE, Next Generation Technologies for Solar Energy Conversion V 9178, 91780K (2014), DOI: 10.1117/12.2061132 (journal vers.)
  • P. Andrae, P. Fumagalli, M. Schmid, “Comparative scanning near-field optical microscopy studies of plasmonic nanoparticle concepts”, Proc. SPIE, Optical Micro- and Nanometrology V 9132, 91320F (2014), DOI: 10.1117/12.2061132 (journal vers.)


  • P. Manley, F. Schmidt, M. Schmid “Light extraction from plasmonic particles with dielectric shells and overcoatings” Proceedings of 2013 OSA Congress Renewable Energy and the Environment, Optics Info Base (2013), DOI: 10.1364/PV.2013.PW3B.7(author version)
  • Y. Augarten, W. Sprenger, B. Pieters, R. Varache, O. Bakaeva, G. Janssen, Y. Guanchao, F. Friedrich, M. Schmid, M. Celino, J. Hüpkes “Modeling infrastructure along the value chain: from materials to system performance” Proceedings of the 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Paris (2013), DOI: 10.4229/28thEUPVSEC2013-5BV.4.32