Project Information

Participation in the Digitalized World of Work – Potentials of Vocational Schools for “Qualification 4.0”

Aims and objectives

Digitalization presents vocational colleges with the challenge of adapting their educational programmes to increasing competence and qualification requirements as well as changing job profiles. The focus here is on targeted and needs-oriented competence promotion that opens up opportunities for young adults with different educational backgrounds in order to participate in a digitalized working world. To achieve this, vocational schools must advance their own work and organization. Despite their central importance for vocational education and training in the region, vocational schools often receive little attention in research and local education policy. As far as vocational qualification 4.0 is concerned, there are few findings to date on institutional adaptation requirements, on the potential to strengthen the participation of young people in the digitized working world through custom-fit educational offers, and on the status and perspectives of organizational development.

With regard to these research needs, the BeQua 4.0 project is concerned with researching and further developing design concepts for vocational qualification 4.0 at vocational schools. In keeping with the research paradigm of Design-based research, i.e. in co-construction with science and practice, the survey of the current status is to be combined with a development of new solutions for organization development (research-based design concepts) and a transfer strategy. The analysis will focus on the Ruhr Area, since the challenges of economic and social change described above are particularly evident here. Thus, a regional analysis in the Ruhr Area is of particular scientific and political interest.

Central research questions

Using eight case studies we will work out

  • to what extent and under what conditions vocational schools have adapted or are adapting their training programmes and their design to changed and new occupational profiles,
  • in what form and how intensively vocational schools support the (further) qualification of teachers in order to prepare them for the changed requirements of digitization processes,
  • how the use of digital learning applications in education is organized,
  • what (media and digitization) skills are taught in the various educational pathways – especially those for low-skilled young people – to ensure that qualifications are tailored to needs and that the transition to employment is guaranteed,
  • with which out-of-school actors (e.g. Chambers of Industry and Commerce, companies, employment agency, job centre, etc.) vocational schools cooperate in order to successfully meet the challenges of vocational qualification 4.0.

The project will analyse at which levels problems, obstacles and barriers arise, which organizational development measures are implemented at vocational schools, which further developments are necessary and which examples of good practice can be identified.

Procedure

The project is divided into three work packages. In WP 1 (Context analysis and development of the study design) an overview of the relevant state of research and discussion, with reference to the discourse on digitization processes in vocational education and training and their contextual conditions, will be developed on the basis of existing preliminary work in a secondary analysis. This will provide insights into changing competence and qualification requirements and examples of good practice with regard to the planning, organization and implementation of vocational qualification 4.0 at vocational schools. A one-day expert workshop with about 20 experts from vocational schools, companies, educational research institutions, chambers of industry and commerce, employers' and company associations, trade unions and education policy will be one of the key elements of this work package. In addition to the secondary analysis, this workshop is intended to provide information on the significance of digitization for vocational qualification in the Ruhr Area, to promote the exchange between the various relevant actors and scientists and to publicize the research project. The current state of research and discussion as well as the results of the workshop serve as a basis for the operationalization of the research design.

In order to analyse the current status of the potential of vocational schools for successful vocational qualification 4.0 in work-study sandwich courses and school-based vocational training, school-based and vocational qualification and training preparation, eight case studies will be carried out in  WP 2 (Empirical Survey – Current status of the potential of vocational schools with regard to vocational qualification 4.0), based on expert interviews with school administrators, education course coordinators, company representatives and other relevant stakeholders as well as group discussions with students from different educational programmes. This is followed by discussion of the balance sheet with those involved in the vocational colleges. On the one hand, this intends to provide a general overview of the status of digitization processes in vocational schools, for example with regard to the qualification of teachers and (needs for and ideas on) infrastructural and institutional adjustments in the organization. On the other hand, we aim to gain comprehensive insights into the content and structural framework conditions of the various educational programmes to be examined. At the same time, it is also important to record the implementation and integration of digital (learning) applications in company practice (current status of digitization in companies) and the perceived competence and quality requirements as well as the assessments of how trainees and young people are prepared for the changed and new competence requirements.

In WP 3 (Development of design concepts and transfer of results), the method of the Future Workshop is used to derive and concretize strategies for successful vocational qualification 4.0 at vocational schools in regions undergoing structural change. Finally, the results of the project will be brought together in this work package and used as a basis for the development of research-based design concepts for a successful vocational qualification 4.0 at vocational schools.

Publications

Fischer, Sandra / Hackstein, Philipp / Stöbe-Blossey, Sybille, 2022: Neuausrichtung der Rolle des Schulträgers? Entwicklungstrends und Herausforderungen in der kommunalen Bildungspolitik. Duisburg: Inst. Arbeit und Qualifikation. IAQ-Report 2022-01| Info | Lesen

Ratermann-Busse, Monique / Hackstein, Philipp / Ruth, Marina, 2022: Teilhabe an beruflicher Qualifizierung 4.0 stärken. Forschungsbasierte Gestaltungskonzepte (inklusive Reflexionsbogen zu der Handreichung). Essen: Stiftung Mercator | Lesen

Hackstein, Philipp / Ratermann-Busse, Monique / Ruth, Marina, 2021: Funktionen individueller Akteure in Berufskollegs im Kontext einer digitalisierten Organisationsentwicklung. In: berufsbildung, Zeitschrift für Theorie-Praxis-Dialog, Heft 188, S. 40–42

Hackstein, Philipp / Ratermann-Busse, Monique / Ruth, Marina, 2021: Management von Digitalisierungsprozessen an Berufskollegs – Aufgaben und Funktionen von Akteuren der erweiterten Schulleitung. In: bwp@ 41: Führung und Management beruflicher Schulen. Dezember 2021| Info | Lesen

Ratermann-Busse, Monique, 2021: Kompetent und qualifiziert in die Zukunft – Einschätzungen zu einer bedarfsgerechten tertiären Berufsbildung 4.0. In: SRH Fernhochschule: Vernetzte Arbeitswelt – Der digitale Arbeitnehmer. Tagungsband zur Konferenz, S. 105–126 | DOI-Link

Hackstein, Philipp / Ratermann-Busse, Monique / Ruth, Marina, 2020: Berufskollegs im Ruhrgebiet in Zeiten von Digitalisierung und Corona: Einflüsse auf Organisation und Bildungsarbeit. Duisburg: Inst. Arbeit und Qualifikation. IAQ-Report 2020-10 | DOI-Link| Info | Lesen

Ratermann-Busse, Monique / Ruth, Marina / Hackstein, Philipp, 2020: Berufskollegs in Zeiten von Digitalisierung und Corona. Der Einfluss von Corona auf Digitalisierungsprozesse und eine berufliche Qualifizierung 4.0. In: Bildung und Beruf: Zeitschrift des Bundesverbandes der Lehrkräfte für Berufsbildung 3 (11/12), S. 372–379

Lectures

Philipp Hackstein: Abschließende Forschungsergebnisse aus dem Projekt „Teilhabe in der digitalisierten Arbeitswelt – Potenziale des Berufskollegs für eine berufliche Qualifizierung 4.0“ (BeQua 4.0). Teilhabe an beruflicher Qualifizierung 4.0 stärken: Forschungsbasierte Gestaltungskonzepte für berufsbildende Schulen im digitalen Wandel. Stiftung Mercator, Stiftung Mercator, Huyssenallee 40, 45128 Essen, 22.06.2022

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse, Marina Ruth: Präsentation der Handreichung: Teilhabe an beruflicher Qualifizierung 4.0 stärken – Forschungsbasierte Gestaltungskonzepte für berufsbildende Schulen . Teilhabe an beruflicher Qualifizierung 4.0 stärken: Forschungsbasierte Gestaltungskonzepte für berufsbildende Schulen im digitalen Wandel. Stiftung Mercator, Stiftung Mercator, Huyssenallee 40, 45128 Essen, 22.06.2022

Marina Ruth: Teilhabechancen von Schüler*innen an beruflicher Qualifizierung 4.0 . Zukunftswerkstatt im Projekt BeQua 4.0, Gerhard-Mercator-Haus der Universität Duisburg-Essen, Campus Duisburg / hybrid, 29.04.2022  Vortragsfolien

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse, Philipp Hackstein: Kräfte für Digitalisierungsprozesse bündeln – Die Bedeutung von Akteuren und Akteurskonstellationen für die Gestaltung von Digitalisierungsprozessen. Zukunftswerkstatt im Projekt BeQua 4.0, Gerhard-Mercator-Haus der Universität Duisburg-Essen, Campus Duisburg / hybrid, 29.04.2022  Vortragsfolien

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse: Digitized Organizational Development at Vocational Schools - Strengthening for the Future in Interaction between Multidimensional Actors. 7th International VET Congress: The Future Potential of Vocational Education and Training: Strengthening VET for the next generation, 2.-4.Februar 2022 in Bern/Zollikofen, Swiss Federal University for Vocational Education and Training (SFUVET), 04.02.2022  Weitere Informationen

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse: Teilhabe in der digitalisierten Arbeitswelt - Potenziale des Berufskollegs für eine berufliche Qualifizierung 4.0 . 11. Bildungsforum Ruhr - Berufskollegs in der Metropole Ruhr, digitale Veranstaltung (Zoom-Webinar), Regionalverband Ruhr, 16.12.2021  Weitere Informationen

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse: Aktive Moderation: Verfahren für die Entwicklung und den Transfer von forschungsbasierten Gestaltungskonzepten. Digitale Thementagung "Digitalisierung im Bildungsbereich", Symposium 2: Bildungsforschung und Bildungspraxis im Dialog, Gesellschaft für empirische Bildungsforschung (digiGEBF2021), 22.09.2021  Weitere Informationen

Philipp Hackstein: Berufskollegs im Ruhrgebiet in Zeiten von Digitalisierung und Corona. Jahresforum der AG Weinheimer Initiative, 03.12.2020  Weitere Informationen

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse: Wissenschaft trifft...Berufsausbildung. Web-Talk der Initiative "Wissenschaftsstadt Essen", Digital Campus Zollverein, 06.10.2020  Weitere Informationen

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse: Aktive Moderation als Strukturelement der Projektentwicklung im Kontext des Design-Based Research. AGB FN-Veranstaltung "Wissenschaft trifft Praxis – Designbasierte Forschung in der beruflichen Bildung". Universität Paderborn und Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung, 29.09.2020  Weitere Informationen

Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse, Marina Ruth, Philipp Hackstein: Teilhabe in der digitalisierten Arbeitswelt - Potenziale des Berufskollegs für eine berufliche Qualifizierung 4.0 (BeQua 4.0). Tag der Bildungsforschung 2020, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen, Interdisziplinäre Zentrum für Bildungsforschung, 05.02.2020  Weitere Informationen

Project data

Term of the project:
01.01.2020 - 30.06.2022

Reseach department:
Education, Development, Social Participation

Project management:
Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse

Project team:
Dr. Monique Ratermann-Busse, Marina Ruth,Prof. Dr. Sybille Stöbe-Blossey, Philipp Hackstein

Funding:
Stiftung Mercator