3D Printing of Concrete

3D Printing of Concrete

3D printing is gaining popularity as a manufacturing process - even in the home it is possible to produce small objects from plastic yourself. 3D printing has also long since established itself in the professional sector.

The process has also quickly become popular in the construction sector: The printing of entire buildings promises to be fast and inexpensive in the long term. However, this still requires very large and heavy frame constructions to erect the printer around the building.

The cable robot technology realised at the Chair of Mechatronics is particularly promising here for building lightweight, quickly transportable and scalable 3D printers. With this idea, the Bauhaus University Weimar , the Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and the Chair of Mechatronics have joined forces in the "Robotic Printed Morphologies" project. Using novel printing processes, a cable robot was set up and put into operation at the "summaery2019" in July 2019 as part of "100 Years of Bauhaus". The installation was documented and published in a video. Further details and visual material can be found here (Robotic Printed Morphologies: Large-scale 3D concrete printer transforms steel structure into temporary sculpture).

The project was presented in the international press:

Project duration: seit 2018

Project supervisor at the Chair of Mechatronics:

Project partner:

Participating chairs/departments at UDE:

  • Chair of Mechatronics

Belongs to profile focus areas of the Faculty of Engineering at the UDE:


Team: Prof. Dr. Jan Willmann, Prof. Dr. Volker Helm, Prof. Dr. Dieter Schramm, Prof. Dr. Tobias Bruckmann, Michael Braun (project management design and exhibition), David Hahlbrock (project management material and fabrication), Roland Boumann, Robin Heidel and Patrik Lemmen (project management robotics), Philipp Enzmann, Urs Winandy, Daniel Lethert, Patrik Bartnik, Paul-Andreas Maurer and Daniel Horn

Supporters: Prof. Bernd Rudolf and Dr. Christian Hanke (Bauhaus University Weimar), Prof. Dr. Thomas Straßmann (University of Applied Sciences Dortmund)

Selected experts: Dr. Michael Werner and Bernd Gehrke (Pagel Spezial-Beton), Michael Engels and Uwe Flügel (Desoi GmbH)

Sponsors: Pagel Spezial-Beton GmbH & Co. KG, Beckhoff Automation GmbH & Co. KG, Hülskens Holding GmbH & Co. KG, Desoi GmbH, Bosch Rexroth AG, Inelta Sensorsysteme GmbH & Co. KG, Carat Robotic Innovation, Wilhelm Kneitz Solution in Textile, Ehepaar Oertgen (Duisburg), Mehler Texnologies and Low & Bonar GmbH

Further support: The project is supported by the Bauhaus University Weimar and the Creative Fund of the Research Department. In addition, the project is supported by Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and the "Research and Transfer" department as well as the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Further support is provided by the Prorector for Social Responsibility, Diversity and International Affairs at the University of Duisburg-Essen and the Förderverein Universität Duisburg-Essen e.V.

The research project is funded by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Municipal Affairs, Building and Equality of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia as part of the measure "Long-term experimental investigation and demonstration of automated masonry and 3D printing with cable robots".


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