To achieve this goal we will advance and integrate available methods in theoretical physics in order to describe the complete evolution in space and time, starting from the instant of the acting stimulus to the local and non-local secondary processes until a situation close to equilibrium is achieved. In order to detect transient electronic and phononic single and many particle distribution functions, propagation effects, and structural as well as cooperative dynamics under nonequilibrium conditions, we will perform time-resolved experiments with femto- to nanosecond resolution. The goal is to prepare non-equilibrium states in condensed matter, to analyze and manipulate their dynamics and as to achieve microscopic understanding through the integration of various experimental and theoretical approaches. We expect to find novel material properties which exist exclusively under non-equilibrium conditions and may be interesting for future applications. In addition to the focus on the active field of nonequilibrium dynamics, a modern graduate education, concerted measures towards equal opportunities, facilitating the compatibility of family and career in science according to the scientists' needs and a result oriented and pedagogical communication with the interested public are essential objectives of the collaborative research center.