James Grama


James is a sociophonetician interested in how social factors play a role in phonetic variation and change over time. Using a combination of empirical sociolinguistic, corpus-based, and computational methods, he investigates vowel shifts, and how speakers from various social backgrounds respond to, participate in, and drive changes forward. His research focuses primarily on English and English-based varieties in the Pacific, especially the Englishes of Australia, New Zealand, California, Hawaiʻi, as well as Hawaiʻi Creole and Bislama.

Please visit James' website for his full CV.


Universitätsstr. 12
45141 Essen
R12 S04 H24
Office hours


  • Wissenschaftliche/r Mitarbeiter/in, Anglistik: Linguistik II - English Linguistics & Language History

The following publications are listed in the online university bibliography of the University of Duisburg-Essen. Further information may also be found on the person's personal web pages.

    Journal articles

  • Mechler, Johanna; Grama, James; Bauernfeind, Anna Lea; Eiswirth, Mirjam; Buchstaller, Isabelle
    Towards an Empirically-based Model of Age-graded Behaviour : Trac(ing) linguistic malleability across the entire adult life-span
    In: University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics Vol. 28 (2022) Nr. 2, pp. 101 - 110
  • Purser, Benjamin; Grama, James; Travis, Catherine E.
    Australian English over Time : Using Sociolinguistic Analysis to Inform Dialect Coaching
    In: Voice and Speech Review Vol. 14 (2020) Nr. 3, pp. 269 - 291
  • Grama, James; Travis, Catherine E.; Gonzalez, Simon
    Ethnolectal and community change ov(er) time : Word-final (er) in Australian English
    In: Australian Journal of Linguistics Vol. 40 (2020) Nr. 3, pp. 346 - 368
  • Book articles / Proceedings papers

  • Grama, James; Travis, Catherine E.; Gonzalez, Simon
    Ethnic variation in real time : Change in Australian english diphthongs, Chapter 13. Ethnic variation in real time
    In: Language Variation – European Perspectives VIII: selected papers from the tenth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 10) / Tenth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 10), 26–28 June 2019, Leuwarden / Velde, Hans van de; Haug Hilton, Nanna; Knooihuizen, Remco (Eds.) 2021, pp. 291 - 314
  • 2008 - B.A. Linguistics: University of California, Santa Barbara
  • 2013 - M.A. Linguistics: University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
  • 2015 - Ph.D. Linguistics: University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
  • 2015-2016: Adjunct Instructor, Santa Monica College
  • 2017-2020: Postdoctoral Fellow, Sydney Speaks, ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language, Australian National University
  • Sociophonetics
  • Language variation and change
  • Vowel variation and acoustics
  • Structural variation in Pacific Englishes, creoles and contact varieties
  • Perceptual dialectology
  • Language change across the lifespan
  • Optimizing sociolinguistic methodologies (esp. forced alignment)