SALAM 2: Transboundary Strategies for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Solving the Water Deficit Problem in the Middle East

Funding: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Project duration: 2020 - 2021

Coordination: Prof. Dr. Martin Sauter, Applied Geology, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Project partners:

  • Chair of Business Administration and Production Management, Universität Duisburg-Essen
  • KIT – Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Geosciences
  • Universität Kassel, Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Centre for Environmental Biotechnology (UBZ)
  • Rusteberg Water Consulting UG, Göttingen
  • STEP Consulting GmbH, Aachen
  • Dorsch International Consultants GmbH, München
  • heat 11 GmbH Co. KG, Bielefeld
  • Geldner Ingenieurberatung, Karlsruhe
  • weitere lokale Partner in Israel, Palästina und Jordanien


The research project "SALAM 2: Transboundary Strategies for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Solving the Water Deficit Problem in the Middle East" aims to develop integrated planning tools for sustainable use and adaptation of sustainable water technologies to different climatic, economic and social conditions.

In the medium term, the project is intended to overcome the enormous water deficits and thus contribute to the social and economic development of the "Middle East" region. The involvement of local actors is to ascertain that specific concerns of the region are taken into account and that implementation can take place in daily practice.

In this research project, the Chair of ABWL and Production Management is providing the techno-economic evaluation and multi-criteria decision support for the selection from a wide range of technical alternatives. When evaluating different combinations of water treatment and water transfer options, multiple aspects such as energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, effects on wastewater management and groundwater protection have to be considered. For the simultaneous consideration of several criteria, which are expressed in different units of measurement and are sometimes conflicting with each other, methods of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) are suitable. Due to the long planning horizon of more than 20 years, dynamic changes in both technology development and demand must also be considered. In the techno-economic assessment, the scenario technique is to be applied and combined with other methods, and methodological approaches to cope with uncertainties are to be further developed in a manner appropriate to the problem.