Financial Benefits for Families

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Child Benefit

Parents can apply for child benefit for their children up to the age of at least 18. Under certain circumstances, foreign parents are also eligible for this benefit.

Child support can be applied for by:

  • citizens of EU-member states as well as of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland who reside permanently in Germany;
  • non-EU or non-EEA Citizens residing permanently in Germany in possession of a settlement permit or a residence permit that allows gainful employment;
  • citizens of Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey in conformity with bilateral agreements, as long as citizens of these countries are employed or receive unemployment compensation. 

Labour-contract workers or employees who have been temporarily transferred to work in Germany by their employers based abroad have no claim to child support payments.

On the website of the  Bundesargentur für Arbeit you can read more about the monthly amount and the application of child benefit. If you have an employment contract at the University you can apply for child benefit at the VBL (website of VBL).

Maternity Protection and Parental Leave

Employees are entitled to take parental leave before their child's third birthday. Parental Leave enables you to care for your child.

Pregnant employees are given maternity rights. This includes maternity protection leave which begins 6 weeks before the birth and ends 8 weeks after the birth. This protection is regulated by law in Germany and the mother is not allowed to work during this time. Your position will be held open for you so that you can return to your work after the end of the maternity protection leave. For further information on maternity rights and parental leave, please contact the Personnel Department of the university.

Parental Benefit (Plus)

Parental allowance and parental allowance plus are designed to compensate for loss of income after the birth of a child. The allowance and eligibility requirements vary according to the parents' employment situation after the birth of the child, but can be combined. Also a partnership bonus exists that will allow the eligibility period for parental allowance to be extended yet further.

Eligibility requirements:

Mothers and fathers are eligible for parental alllowance and parental allowance plus if they

  • are entitled to pursue gainful employment
  • care for and raise their children themselves after birth
  • pursue gainful employment for no more than 30 hours a week
  • live in the same household with their children
  • are resident in or habitually reside in Germany.

On the following websites you can find more information on applications and eligibility for parental allowance:

Contact Child Benefit

Employment Agency in your respective location:

Employment Agency Duisburg    
Department of Child Benefits
Wintgensstrasse 29 – 33
47058 Duisburg
Phone: 0203-302 280

Employment Agency Essen
Family Benefits
Berliner Platz 10
45127 Essen
Phone: 0201-181-8585

Federal Ministry of Finance of North Rhine-Westphalia
Information on child benefit:

https://www.finanzverwaltung.nrw.de/de/kindergeld

Tip: Tax allowance for children

In Germany taxpayers are entitled to a tax allowance for each child. This entitlement starts with the month in which the child is born. If you have children, you can register these child allowances with the local tax authority. Child benefit will be offset against these tax allowances.