Die Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler des INEF veröffentlichen ihre Forschungsergebnisse sowohl in nationalen und internationalen Fachzeitschriften und Buchpublikationen als auch im Rahmen institutseigener Formate wie dem INEF-Report. Zusammen mit drei anderen deutschen Friedensforschungsinstituten (BICC / HSFK / IFSH) gibt das INEF zudem das einmal jährlich erscheinende Friedensgutachten heraus. Darüber hinaus publiziert das Institut gemeinsam mit der Stiftung Entwicklung und Frieden (sef:) die Reihe Globale Trends. Analysen.
Vüllers, Johannes / Krtsch, Roman
Political Geography (Online First)
Under what conditions do protests occur in civil wars? Evidence from case studies suggests that protests can indeed play an important role in contexts of civil wars, with civilians using respective tactics both against the state and rebels. We argue that localities experiencing armed clashes are likely to see protest events in the same month. Civilians conduct protests due to battle-related changes in the local opportunity structures and grievances related to losses experienced through collateral damage. Using spatially disaggregated data on protest and battle events in African civil wars, we find support for our hypothesis that battles trigger civilian protests. This effect is robust to the inclusion of a comprehensive list of confounding variables and alternative model specifications, including the use of different temporal and spatial units. Our findings highlight the role of the civilian population and the spatial relationship between war events and protests in civil wars.
Ethiopia: The R4 Initiative as a Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Strategy to Build Rural Resilience in Tigray (AVE-Good Practice Reihe 22)
The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative enables rural communities to build their resilience in the face of extreme climate events. R4, formerly known as HARITA, is designed to increase smallholders’ food and income security in drought-prone areas through a holistic risk management strategy. The initiative is currently implemented by Oxfam America (OA) and the World Food Program (WFP) in Ethiopia as well as in Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Zambia and Zimbabwe. As this desk study shows, in Tigray, R4 can be considered a good practice as it mitigates drought impacts on food and income security. It contributes to securing productive assets during droughts and increasing savings, loans as well as opportunities for income diversification during good seasons.
Conflict Management and Peace Science (Online First)
Under what conditions do religious groups engage in peace activism? Religious groups engage in peace activism if the associated costs are low and they compete with either conflict party over the interpretation of their religious content concerning war and peace. Peace activism is a promising action as peace activists maintain their positive self-evaluation. I introduce a novel dataset of peace activism for 511 religious groups in 128 countries from 1990 to 2008. Conditional fixed effects and logistic models support my hypotheses. The findings highlight the role of rational considerations in the decision to conduct peace activities by representatives of religious groups.