Die Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler des INEF veröffentlichen ihre Forschungsergebnisse sowohl in nationalen und internationalen Fachzeitschriften und Buchpublikationen als auch im Rahmen institutseigener Formate wie dem INEF-Report. Zusammen mit drei anderen deutschen Friedensforschungsinstituten (BICC / HSFK / IFSH) gibt das INEF zudem das einmal jährlich erscheinende Friedensgutachten heraus. Darüber hinaus publiziert das Institut gemeinsam mit der Stiftung Entwicklung und Frieden (sef:) die Reihe Globale Trends. Analysen.

Neuerscheinungen

Saiz, Ignacio

Finanzpolitischen Spielraum schaffen. Ein Gebot der Menschenrechte in Zeiten von COVID-19

Globale Trends. Analysen 01/2021

Die Ungleichheit zwischen Staaten hat sich durch die COVID-19-Pandemie verstärkt. Die wirtschaftlichen Folgen der Pandemie sind in Ländern des Globalen Südens besonders verheerend. Die Ressourcen, die sie zur Bewältigung der Krise mobilisieren können, sind völlig unzureichend. Umso wichtiger ist es, dass die wohlhabenderen Länder und die internationalen Finanzinstitutionen die Hindernisse beseitigen, die sich aus ihrer Schulden- und Steuerpolitik für den finanzpolitischen Spielraum von Ländern mit niedrigem und mittlerem Einkommen ergeben. Eine solche Zusammenarbeit ist nicht nur ein Gebot der globalen öffentlichen Gesundheit. Sie ist auch eine bindende menschenrechtliche Verpflichtung, wie Ignacio Saiz erläutert.

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Hofstetter, Julia-Silvana

Digital Technologies, Peacebuilding and Civil Society. Addressing Digital Conflict Drivers and Moving the Digital Peacebuilding Agenda Forward

INEF-Report 114 (2021)

The wide availability of digital technologies is increasingly impacting the work of peacebuilders, altering both peacebuilding practices and conflict dynamics. The malicious use of technology – from the weaponization of social media to digital authoritarianism and cyberattacks – poses new threats to peaceful societies and urges peacebuilders to consider new fields of action in cyberspace. However, digitalization has also brought major innovations to the work of peacebuilders, establishing a new field of practice, ‘digital peacebuilding’. Many of the innovative uses of peace technologies – for conflict prevention, transformation and reconciliation – have been driven by civil society organizations, who are at the forefront of addressing the rising threat of digital conflict drivers, too. This report provides an overview of the opportunities and challenges digital technologies create for peacebuilders, discusses how they alter the role of civil society, and proposes future directions for the digital peacebuilding agenda.

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Sondermann, Elena / Ulbert, Cornelia

Der wachsende Einfluss privater Stiftungen

Zeitschrift Vereinte Nationen (2021), 2, 57-62.

Private Stiftungen haben während der COVID-19-Pandemie ihre Stärken genutzt. Angesichts des großen Einflusses insbesondere der Bill-und-Melinda-Gates-Stiftung stellen sich mit Blick auf Legitimität und Funktionsfähigkeit globaler Gesundheitspolitik jedoch Fragen nach deren Rolle und Rechenschaftspflicht.

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Vüllers, Johannes

Revolutions and Constitutional Crisis

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics (2021)

Revolutionary actions and constitutional crises are closely linked. However, research mainly looks at the two phenomena as distinct from each other. While studies on revolutionary actions are interested in the agency and the impact of the actions on the country’s institutions, legal research focuses on the constitution itself. The separation of the two strands leads to a limited understanding of their dynamics and complexity. What do we know about the relationship between revolutionary actions and constitutional crisis, and vice versa? The first question is how revolutionary actions trigger constitutional crisis, defined as a moment in which decision makers are unwilling or unable to manage the societal conflicts within the confinement of the constitutionally provided boundaries. Different types of revolutionary behavior—such as elite-led military coups, civil wars, and nonviolent resistance movements—trigger constitutional crises in many cases. They can lead to a new constitution with diverse implications for the political system. Whether the opposition or the old regime prevails in the constitutional crisis is a question of the power resources of both parties to the conflict. In some cases, the opposition movements succeed in making the political system more democratic. However, there are also cases where the constitutional crisis ultimately leads to more power for the ruling class.

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Vüllers, Johannes / Hellmeier, Sebastian

Does Counter‐Mobilization Contain Right‐Wing Populist Movements? Evidence from Germany

European Journal of Political Research (2021) Online First

Right‐wing populist (RWP) movements have been on the rise in Western democracies. Outside of party politics, such movements regularly organize demonstrations against political elites and minority groups. At the same time, civil society coalitions have mobilized against these movements. Yet we know little about the effect of counter‐demonstrations on RWP protest activities. We derive competing theoretical expectations from previous work. On the one hand, counter‐mobilization reduces mobilization because the original movement is less likely to achieve its goals (expected utility/costs). On the other hand, clashes and standoffs between opposing movements facilitate mobilization through polarization and anger (identity/emotions). We empirically analyze movement–countermovement dynamics using a new city‐level event dataset on street protests by the German Pegida movement and its opponents. In our quantitative analysis, we investigate how counter‐mobilization is associated with the onset of Pegida protests, their intensity in terms of participant numbers, and their demobilization. Counter‐mobilization does not prevent protest onset, but large counter‐demonstrations are associated with larger subsequent Pegida protests, and violence against Pegida supporters reduces the likelihood that they will stop protesting.

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