At the University of Duisburg-Essen in general, and in the Faculty of Engineering in particular, materials play a major role in research and teaching. The main activity in this area is concentrated in the Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE). Around one third of CENIDE’s members work in the engineering sciences (currently 25 research groups in MBVT, EIT, and BW) and are allied closely with physics and chemistry. Traditional metallic materials used for mechanical engineering and automotive, tool, and medical technology are considered in the light of their manufacturing properties (metallurgy, casting, and recasting) and usage properties (e.g., fatigue and wear and tear).
For electrical engineering applications, electrically, magnetically, or optically active semiconducting and nanostructured materials are key elements. For construction engineering, building materials are analyzed and optimized with regard to their microscopic and macroscopic properties, while questions of sustainability and economic viability also play an important role in this area.
Materials research covers a broad range of functional and structural materials, manufacturing and modification processes, and numerous usage aspects. In Electrical Engineering, materials research uses structuring and materials combinations to develop components with enhanced functionality or optimized properties. In Process Engineering, one focus is on the gas-phase synthesis of functional nanomaterials. Research covers the entire range from investigation of fundamental reaction steps, embedding of this knowledge in computational fluid dynamics simulations to the scale up of apparatus. In combination, within the NanoEnergyTechnologyCenter (NETZ) and its integrated Interdisciplinary Center for Analytics on the Nanoscale (ICAN), members of the faculty work on the development of novel materials for batteries, thermoelectrics, catalysis, photovoltaics and light emitters.
The materials research profile involves various well-established collaborations in experiments, simulation, and analysis. The aim is to further strengthen these areas and over time to integrate them more closely. The main aim of this focal point is to link up with the work done by other faculties and partners, mainly within but also outside of UAR circles.